Definitions

Regions

The list of geographic regions is derived from the United Nations Statistics Division geoscheme (UN M.49), with three exceptions:

  1. Destinations where the visa program significantly diverges from that of the controlling authority are listed separately. For example, Visa-Exempt Phu Quoc is listed separately from Visa-Pre-Arrival Vietnam.
  2. The UN scheme places Iran in the South Asia region, but here it is placed in West Asia-Middle East region.
  3. The UN scheme excludes Taiwan.

Visa Programs

Program

No Forms To Fill Pre-Arrival

No Forms To Fill On Arrival

Visa-Exempt Check mark Check mark
Visa-On-Arrival Check mark X mark
Visa-Pre-Arrival X mark Check mark

Note that, by this traveller-centric definition, Electronic Travel Authorization (ETA) and Electronic Visa (eVisa) programs that require traveller to apply prior to traveling are classed as Visa-Pre-Arrival. Other definitions, that classify according to where the "visa" is issued, class those as Visa-On-Arrival. Furthermore, the sites Passport Index, Do You Need Visa, and VISADB all classify ETA, eVisa, and Visa-On-Arrival as "Visa-Free", despite the glaring contradiction in terms.

In short, regardless of the name given to the program - Travel Authorization, Travel Permit, Visa, or whatever - if it requires an application to be filed and approved, here it is classified as a Visa program. Whether it is On-Arrival or Pre-Arrival is determined by when the application procedure is required to occur.

Passports

Caveat:

Currently the visa information on this site is primarily compiled for USA passports.

Other passports are added only when it could be confirmed that the USA visa information for a particular destination applies in all respects.

As a result, the info on non-USA passports has limitations - for any destination, a passport will not be listed if:

It falls under a different visa program
Example: Entry to Timor-Leste is visa-exempt for EU passports, but USA passports must get visa on arrival, so EU passports are not listed for Timor-Leste.
It falls under the same visa program, but with a different permitted duration of stay
Example: Visa-exempt entry to South Korea for USA passport is limited to a stay of 90 days, while visa-exempt stay for a Canada passport is 6 months, so Canada is not listed for South Korea.
The USA is not specified with other passports
Example: Singapore authorities only specify passports that require a visa before arrival, and all other passports are exempt from visa requirement, so only USA passport is listed for Singapore.
No authoritative source found for the destination
Example: North Korea
In short, the information on non-USA passports is incomplete, and nothing should be inferred from any omissions.